Israel’s Great Divide – Al Jazeera World

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Israel is a nation of immigrants, and first-generation Israelis comprise only 32 percent of the population.

Integration into Israeli society has been one of its main political goals and, under the leadership of founding prime minister David Ben-Gurion, Israel was going to be “the great Jewish melting pot”, but it has come under severe strain almost since its inception in 1948.

“There’s a gap in Israeli society,” says Karen Amit, an Israeli of Moroccan origin.

“They support the arrival of immigrants in theory and love them but, in practice, the ordinary Israeli doesn’t open his arms to welcome them. Research about Israeli attitude towards immigrants from Ethiopia has shown surprising results. On the one hand, they love them and have no problem with them. But when asked if they’d accept an Ethiopian neighbour or their children being at school with Ethiopians, their reply was negative.”

Jewish people living in Israel today are largely divided into three main groups: Ashkenazi, Sephardi and Mizrahi.

The Ashkenazim are from Germany, France and Eastern Europe. The term “Ashkenazi” comes from the Hebrew word for Germany. Most American Jews today are Ashkenazim, descended from those who arrived from Europe in the mid-1800s and early 1900s.

The Sephardim are from Spain, Portugal, North Africa and the Middle East. The term “Sephardi” comes from the Hebrew word for Spain. Many Jews fled Spain after the end of Muslim rule there in 1492.

Sephardic Jews are often subdivided into Sephardim and Mizrahim, from North Africa and the Middle East. The term “Mizrahi” comes from the Hebrew word for eastern.

There are claims of discrimination against the Mizrahi community in Israel.

“Discrimination and inequality were always a common practice. Western [Ashkenazi] Jews look down on others. They don’t want to grant the Mizrahis power … They want to fill their prisons with them rather than offering them education, culture and guidance,” says Pinhas Aloshi, an Israeli of Tunisian origin.

David Hetsroni, an Israeli of Polish origin, came to Israel in 1930.

“My father arrived the following year. He didn’t get any help from the state but paid for everything out of his own pocket. But as soon as the Mizrahi Jews arrived, they started complaining they were being oppressed. They used to say, ‘You send us to live in Dimona, in the south while you live in Tel Aviv and in the centre. You offer us poor jobs while you get all the decent ones.’ We didn’t make these allegations. That’s what I find hard to accept. natural justice, in my view, says [the allegations] are not fair,” Hetsroni says.

Yehouda Shenhav, an Israeli of Iraqi origin, believes that the situation of the third-generation Mizrahi Jews compared with Ashkenazis, is worse today than it was 30 years ago.

“In the Seventies, there was one Mizrahi with a baccalaureate diploma to three Ashkenazis. Four percent of Mizrahi got the baccalaureate compared with 16 percent of Ashkenazim. Today, the gap has widened to about 12 percent against 50 percent.

I re-invented myself as Israeli rather than Arab. The more you distance yourself from Arabness, the more chance you have of integrating into Israeli society. It’s sad,” says Shenhav.

Rabbi Haim Amsalam says personal progress often depends on whether your family name is Mizrahi or not.

“I know many people who’ve reached high-ranking positions. They had no choice but to adopt Ashkenazi speech and physical appearance and gradually adopt Ashkenazi culture …. The melting pot that Ben-Gurion wanted to create has failed, because he wanted to melt everyone into one culture, the Western, Ashkenazi one. Why should I abandon my culture and heritage?” says Amsalam.

Israel’s Great Divide explores the deep-rooted tension between Israel’s Ashkenazi Jews and the Sephardi and Mizrahi communities.

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40 COMMENTS

  1. Isaiah 3:8 – For Jerusalem is ruined, and Judah is fallen: because their tongue and their doings are against the LORD, to provoke the eyes of his glory.
    Jeremiah 4:14 – O Jerusalem, wash thine heart from wickedness, that thou mayest be saved. How long shall thy vain thoughts lodge within thee?
    Jer 8:5 – Why then is this people of Jerusalem slidden back by a perpetual backsliding?
    they hold fast deceit, they refuse to return.
    Jer 9:11 – And I will make Jerusalem heaps, and a den of dragons; and I will make the cities of Judah desolate, without an inhabitant.Jer 13:27 – I have seen thine adulteries, and thy neighings, the lewdness of thy whoredom,
    and thine abominations on the hills in the fields.
    Woe unto thee, O Jerusalem! wilt thou not be made clean? when shall it once be?
    Jer 19:3 – And say, Hear ye the word of the LORD, O kings of Judah, and inhabitants of Jerusalem; Thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; Behold, I will bring evil upon this place, the which whosoever heareth, his ears shall tingle.
    Jer 23:14 – I have seen also in the prophets of Jerusalem an horrible thing: they commit adultery, and walk in lies: they strengthen also the hands of evildoers, that none doth return from his wickedness: they are all of them unto me as Sodom, and the inhabitants thereof as Gomorrah.Jer 44:9 – Have ye forgotten the wickedness of your fathers, and the wickedness of the kings of Judah,  and the wickedness of their wives, and your own wickedness, and the wickedness of your wives,
    which they have committed in the land of Judah, and in the streets of Jerusalem?
    Lamentations 1:8 – Jerusalem hath grievously sinned; therefore she is removed:
    all that honoured her despise her, because they have seen her nakedness: yea, she sigheth, and turneth backward.
    Ezekiel 16:2 – Son of man, cause Jerusalem to know her abominations,
    Malachi 2:11 – Judah hath dealt treacherously, and an abomination is committed in Israel and in Jerusalem;  for Judah hath profaned the holiness of the LORD which he loved, and hath married the daughter of a strange god.
    Jesus in Matthew 23:37 – O Jerusalem, Jerusalem, thou that killest the prophets,
     and stonest them which are sent unto thee, how often would I have gathered thy children together, even as a hen gathereth her chickens under her wings, and ye would not!

  2. Is the State of Israel also to blame for the fact that there are more Jewish Nobel Prize winners than Arabs? And is the State of Israel also to blame for the fact that the Arab states are backward and poor? Anyone who wants to advance in life makes it beautiful. The problem for Mizrahim in Israel is that they preferred to whine and feel inferiority rather than to learn and advance like the Ashkenazim

  3. Big b***** I am not from European to descend but the Europeans throw out their culture too and required a western one there were much of them East Europeans that's different ‫from what the adapt don't longer speak yiddish jewish food in israel is identity and anyone israel יone

  4. Would Israel exist without the explicit support of the USA? Who or what else advocates for your existence? Does the US restrict Jewish folks' movements and activities in east Washington DC? Before anyone starts ranting, cynicism is NOT anti-Zionism. If you don't understand that, use a dictionary. Peace y'all:-)

  5. Oh Al Jazeera! Your biased garbage reporting never ceases to amaze me, Not even surprised. Qatar is a great example of democracy and its completely discrimination free. And it certainly isn't built on modern slave labor.

  6. racism is a crock invented by lefties with nothing productive to say. the real divide is between the atheist national socialists and the untra-conservative nut cases who breed fast and produce nothing.

  7. Einm wita a new religion.
    Core principles
    Pick the leaf gently
    thank the food for the food for the sacrifice it has made.
    share the life force.

    spacial aspectivtives of wita.
    1) that there is an underlying sense of unity.
    2) our base which is chiral.
    3) that there is more than infinite possible deviations.
    4) that exsitence is because of progressions of deviations.

    minds aspectives.
    1) conflict of reason in the face of new challenges.
    2) compensatory factor of mind is a natural efficiency that can be mislead in times opf great change.
    3) skill become unconscious and natural once a challenge is over come.

    math aspectives.
    1) tamarkon meaning the power of numbers.
    2) totangular meaning to count with more than one number a once.
    3) dynaveo to set a list of rules to manage a list of operations that can lead to a varied output and can work with a varied input and can even set ones own rules and operations.
    4) relationship and tie parrallelized piecewise functionality in other words.
    5) redundance a useful thing to manage with regards to solving some problems.

    I would have called my way or religion scientology but it looks to me like a bunch of wankers already took the name but their stuff has no new maths to offer and isn't at all scientific well mine isn't science either in regards to using the scientific method but could be considered science with regards to the comparative scientific method like that used to work with both quantum mechanics and relativity.

    listen closely to my words your mind may amaze you and it'd be hard to go back to a simple limited square view here are some studies of mine.
    deviations in chiral geometry of the universe causing progression of state. other chiral worlds of a variety of base chiral structures with great diversity of form relative to thermodynamic state body composition and size. life thermo dynamic and chiral in this part of super space. then some progressions even here go beyond simply 2 handedness.
    btw sudoku's 1 to 9 as 1,1,2,1,2,3,1,2,3 and 1,2,1,3,2,1,4,3,2 and shift test at this lower easier depth and vola p = np dude I'm watching pixel perfect video on linux mint which is impossible unless p = np. not only that but 12111 + 11122 ok so 1 and 2 make 3 that must mean you carry well this is bijective binary so for 2 numbers the same amount of digits you can just carry to the end thus in parallel then just mod and when 0 is 2 however this parallel bitwise trick is trick when working with 2 2's but still can be done parallel. consequently if u use standard binary you can't do multiplication or addition in such way types because of 0 distribution in the number thus in order to calculate FPs or Integers actually could require a fraction of the die space for such computation.
    ready (1){1,1,1,1,1,1} . {1,2,1,1,1,1} . {2,1,1,1,1,1} . {1,1,1,2,1,1} . {1,1,2,1,1,1} . [1,1,1,1,1,2} . (7){1,1,1,1,2,1} . {1,3,1,1,1,1} . {2,2,1,1,1,1} , {3,1,1,1,1,1} . {1,1,1,3,1,1} . {1,1,2,2,1,1} . {1,1,3,1,1,1} , {1,1,1,1,1,3} . {1,1,1,1,2,2} . {1,1,1,1,3,1} . {1,2,1,1,1,2} , {2,1,1,1,1,2} . {1,1,1,2,1,2} . {1,1,2,1,1,2}, {1,2,1,1,2,1} , {2,1,1,1,2,1} . {1,1,1,2,2,1} . {1,1,2,1,2,1} . {1,2,1,2,1,1}, {2,1,1,2,1,1}, {1,2,2,1,1,1}, {2,1,2,1,1,1} (28) ……. (wooo counting in 6D asymmetrically )

    1,2,3
    1,3,6
    1,4,10
    1,5, 15
    1,6, 21
    1,7,28

    I'm not going to tell you how to factorize prime though lol I'd kill the Internet with such knowledge in common hands so no.

    You can contact me and ask me about my religion however following my religion/way would raise issues and would be hard to fully go such a way much as I have found it to be going up against a square and compass freemasonry/triad world such as this one. I would give you assistance and would take your money for it but others would bully you for in my view developing such an evolved view point.
    BTW there can arise perks for going so deep as the life essence of the universe likes to challenge and reward the truly brave like for example I manged to become the creator of this plane of existence due to wita.

  8. There is no such thing actually… hard to explain but in Yeshuva as well you gravitate to where your customs or minhag is found. I am not Yemenite but I spend a lot of time with them and Sephardi but have no problem with Ashkenazi either. We're all family but don't wear our hearts on our sleeves and really don't care. This video is funny

  9. I LOVE Al Jazeera! Thanks from America! Proud of the Emir for telling Saudi Arabia to shove it! Tell the Emir nice work in trading LNG in currency other than the US dollar!

  10. last statement of that professor says that israel will be cease to exist very soon because it's unified only on the power of military. israel will be finish just because of their internal discrimination

  11. The mayor of Beer Sheva should be reluctant to talk about discrimination as it has been very challenging to get Gay Pride up and running there.
    Of course, I make no assertion that Arabs have a problem with GLBTQI issues. Why should I?

  12. Ethnic racial and social class differences are problems existing throughout the whole world. No easy solution except the sacrificial love for one another which can only be found in the love of God as expressed by his son Jesus Christ.

  13. A factual research, based on the real sentiments of a segment of society is being labeled as a propaganda. This disease of Alt-Reichism should be dealt with.

  14. I think the word Jew should not be used with Asheknazi or Mizrachi for this subject, it just makes people look at it through a religious spectrum and blames the religion Judaism while the problem is ethnic and more humane. Musa never preached discrimination on the contrary he got the different tribes together under one God n one religion.

Comments are closed.